VALUE1
and
VALUE2

The and operator returns true if both operands are true.

Parameters

This operator has two parameters:

value1 – The first Boolean value.

value2 – The second Boolean value.

Description

The and operator combines two Boolean values by anding them together. In this example the value in the Age field or variable must be a number.

``````if Age >= 13 and Age<20
Status="Teenager"
endif
``````

The result is true if the person is 13 or older and if the person is less than 20 years old.

Note: The Boolean values true and false are actually integer (numeric) values -1 and 0 respectively.

Note: If you are a “C” programmer, Panorama’s and operator is equivalent to C’s && operator. (In fact, Panorama will allow you to use && if you wish.)

Error Messages

Cannot AND a number with text. – Both operands must be numbers. If either operand contains a text value, an error occurs.

• < -- compares two values to see if the first value is less than the second value.
• <= -- compares two values to see if the first value is less than or equal to the second value.
• <> -- compares two values to see if they are different.
• = -- compares two values to see if they are the same.
• > -- compares two values to see if the first value is greater than the second value.
• >= -- compares two values to see if the first value is greater than or equal to the second value.
• beginswith -- returns true if the value on the left starts with the value on the right, false if it doesn't.
• between( -- checks to see if a value is between two other values.
• boolstr( -- converts a Boolean value to text, either `"true"` or `"false"`.
• contains -- returns true if the value on the left contains the value on the right, false if it doesn't.
• containsword -- returns true if the text contains a specified word, false if it doesn't.
• endswith -- returns true if the value on the left ends with the value on the right, false if it doesn't.
• false( -- returns false.
• like -- checks to see if the text on the left matches the wildcard pattern specified on the right.
• limit( -- checks to see if a value is between a minimum and maximum value. If it is, the value is returned unchanged. If it is below the minimum, the minimum value is returned. If it is above the maximum the maximum value is returned.
• match -- checks to see if the text on the left matches the wildcard pattern specified on the right.
• matchexact -- checks to see if the text on the left matches the wildcard pattern specified on the right.
• not -- reverses a boolean value.
• not( -- reverses a Boolean value
• notbetween( -- checks to see if a value is *not* between two other values.
• notcontains -- returns true if the value on the left does not contain the value on the right, false if it does.
• notmatch -- checks to see if the text on the left does not match the wildcard pattern specified on the right.
• notmatchexact -- checks to see if the text on the left doesn't match the wildcard pattern specified on the right.
• or -- returns true if either operand is true, or false if both are false.
• regexmatch -- checks to see if the text on the left matches the regular expression on the right (see Regular Expressions).
• regexmatchexact -- checks to see if the text on the left matches the regular expression on the right (see Regular Expressions).
• soundex( -- computes a four character code that roughly corresponds to the phonetic pronunciation of the word.
• soundslike -- compares two words to see if they "sound like" each other.
• switch( -- chooses from a list of values.
• true( -- returns true.
• xor -- returns true if one of the two parameters is true, false if neither or both are true.

History

 Version Status Notes 10.0 No Change Carried over from Panorama 6.0